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Download E-books Aristotle's Theory of Language and its Tradition: Texts from 500 to 1750 (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, Volume 29) PDF

By Hans Arens

This quantity incorporates a fragment from Aristotle’s Peri Hermeneias [16a1–17a7], with a translation into English and a statement. This fragment is essential to the certainty of Aristotle’s pondering language. it truly is via (translations of) commentaries on Aristotle’s textual content through students among 500 and 1750, displaying how his textual content used to be perceived over the years. The commentaries are by way of Ammonius, Boethius, Abelaerd, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Acquinas, Martinus de Dacia, Johannes a S. Thoma, and James Harris. each one observation is in flip commented upon by way of the compiler of this quantity.

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I feel that Ammonius himself had it from (one of) his predecessors. /34/ The relatively awkward instance of 'Kallippos' for a nom­ inal compound is by means of 'Neápolis' and 'Heliupolis', which, as place-names, don't turn out the purpose both. The COMMENTARY TO AMMONIUS a hundred forty five exam of 'epaktris' and 'kéles' could were extra ecocnomic. "the complete signifying just one inspiration, and be­ explanation for that no half can characterize something" is incorrect: 'makrón' (long) and 'ptéron' (wing) mixed are 'makrópteron' (long-winged), the only thought expressed via phrases or the mix in their meanings, the one distinction being that the compound doesn't characterize a protracted wing, yet 'having lengthy wings1, a high quality of a fowl. The exposition of the physei- and thesei-theories is the clearest and such a lot special i do know of. The nonsense of the unique physei-theory couldn't be greater confirmed. 1o Socrates doesn't exhibit, yet basically attempts to teach that the phrases are by means of nature, and fails. 2° The phrases as "works of nature": there is not any trace the way it may be attainable; the phrases being spoken varieties, how did humans study them, or have been they latent of their minds? How, in the event that they have been by way of na­ ture, might there be diverse languages? three° The comparability with the senses is inaccurate, it is composed in simple terms within the notice "as­ signed": the names are assigned to the issues because the senses are assigned to the issues they could understand. four° The ques tion how a string of sounds or of written letters can por­ tray or reflect a concrete item, the string being normal or synthetic, by no means turns up. five° the idea that each factor and each individual had its right identify, that the names have been exact with them, and that for that reason it was once of excessive significance to understand the names simply because this information gave energy over them; for example Isaiah 43,1:"I have referred to as thee by means of thy identify, thou artwork mine" - used to be universal. 6° The scientist who hunted for the originaKly distributed) identify was once the etymologist, who dissected the phrases with the intention to elicit the that means from the marred and disfigured debris. /35/ 7° As evidence of the opinion that the phrases obviously correspond to the character of the issues, back own names are adduced, as though the identify Archidamos have been given to 146 statement TO AMMONIUS the child since it used to be transparent that it had the features of, and would really be, a pacesetter of the folks, while eve­ rybody should have identified that the names got with a re­ ligious and wishful cause. eight° the well known concept of Hermogenes is nonsense since it forgets that language is a method of communique and never a personal nominating pastime. His doctrine will be right if rather than "everybody" have been positioned "every community". nine° That the second one thesei-conception coincides nearly thoroughly with the second one physeiconception is obvious, and Ammonius will kingdom the very fact him­ self. It offers him party to envision the sex-gender-pro­ blem, constructing the main of analogy and symbolism. It serves him to turn out that the 1st name-giver (Plato's onomathétes in Cratylus) or his helper knew the character of all issues rather well.

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