Opacity and the Closet interrogates the viability of the metaphor of “the closet” whilst utilized to 3 vital queer figures in postwar American and French tradition: the thinker Michel Foucault, the literary critic Roland Barthes, and the pop artist Andy Warhol. Nicholas de Villiers proposes a brand new method of those cultural icons that bills for the queerness in their works and public personas.
Rather than studying their self-presentations as “closeted,” de Villiers means that they create and install efficient recommendations of “opacity” that withstand the closet and the confessional discourse linked to it. Deconstructing binaries associated with the closet that experience persisted to steer either homosexual and directly receptions of those highbrow and pa celebrities, de Villiers illuminates the philosophical implications of this displacement for queer idea and introduces new how you can take into consideration the distance they make for queerness.
Using the works of Foucault, Barthes, and Warhol to interact one another whereas exploring their shared ancient context, de Villiers additionally indicates their queer appropriations of the interview, the autobiography, the diary, and the documentary—forms as a rule associated with fact telling and authenticity.
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Extra info for Opacity and the Closet: Queer Tactics in Foucault, Barthes, and Warhol
There's continuously the chance that this paintings can be noticeable as basically retro, as Carol Mavor explains: “When a colleague lately requested me 176 NOTES TO creation what i used to be engaged on and that i cheerfully and proudly acknowledged ‘Barthes,’ I acquired the dismissive answer, ‘O-o-o-h, how unfashionable. ’ but, my colleague’s remark resonated with me in a invaluable means. ‘Retro’ is from the Latin adverb which means backward and hails retrospection or meditation at the prior” (Reading Boyishly: Roland Barthes, J. M. Barrie, Jacques Henri Lartigue, Marcel Proust, and D. W. Winnicott [Durham: Duke college Press, 2007], 33). past due in his occupation, Barthes in truth declared in a magazine access, reprinted in of all areas the avant-garde magazine Tel Quel, “All of a unexpected, it has develop into an issue of indifference to me even if i'm glossy” (Roland Barthes, “Deliberation,” trans. Richard Howard, in A Barthes Reader, 489). forty seven. Hilton Als, “Mother,” The Warhol glance: Glamour, variety, type, ed. Mark Francis and Margery King (Pittsburgh: Andy Warhol Museum, 1997), 212– 17. forty eight. I Shot Andy Warhol, DVD, directed through Mary Harron (1996; Santa Monica, Calif. : MGM domestic leisure, 2002). For a favorable feminist interpreting of where of ladies in Warhol’s global and ﬁlms, see Jennifer Doyle, “‘I has to be uninteresting Someone’: ladies in Warhol’s Films,” in intercourse gadgets: artwork and the Dialectics of wish (Minneapolis: collage of Minnesota Press, 2006), 71–96. See additionally Gretchen Berg’s rationalization to John Wilcock approximately how her interview with Warhol was once distinct: “Because i used to be a woman—and this isn't to his discredit—but I had cause to think that he wouldn’t come directly to me within the related approach as he might to a tender guy. I felt i used to be might be at a moderate drawback, yet then I felt that i used to be , simply because i used to be a tender chick and never considered one of his superstars. i used to be very directly at the moment, and that i used to be very severe, so extraordinarily severe and drawn to him that it most likely amused him, and he started to react to it spontaneously, to be simply as ” (Berg to Wilcock in his mockingly titled selection of interviews approximately Warhol, The Autobiography and intercourse lifetime of Andy Warhol, ed. Christopher Trela [New York: different Scenes, 1971; repr. , ny: Trela Media, 2010], 29). but Berg additionally sympathizes with Valerie Solanas: “It was once an extreme response. a few humans react another way to various things, and those reactions, i guess, are psychotic. you will have nice emotion approximately a person, yet for a few cause you can’t get just about them, they’re now not providing you with what you will want. I went away, she shot him. . . . It was once only a assorted response. We either had a similar feeling” (35). forty nine. See Victor Bockris, Warhol: The Biography (Cambridge, Mass. : Da Capo Press, 1997), 237. 50. Laura Mulvey, “Visual excitement and Narrative Cinema,” in Feminism and movie conception, ed. Constance Penley (New York: Routledge, 1988), sixty six. NOTES TO advent 177 fifty one. The Birds, DVD, directed by means of Alfred Hitchcock (1963; common urban, Calif. : common domestic leisure, 2000).