By Marcus Tullius Cicero
Cicero's speech on behalf of L. Lucinius Murena, newly elected to the consulship of sixty two BCE yet instantly prosecuted for electoral bribery, is principally recognized for its digressions and useful for its insights into the advanced political wrangles of the overdue 60s. it's, notwithstanding, a speech commonly excerpted and stated than learn in its entirety, although even if the absence of an English-language observation is a reason or impact of that state of affairs is still doubtful. in brief, a pedagogical remark in this very important and weird speech is lengthy overdue.
Distinguished Latinist Elaine Fantham's remark is noteworthy for its skill to explain not just the rhetorical constitution of this speech however the reason in the back of Cicero's strategic judgements in developing that constitution. It additionally calls consciousness to the stylistic gains like notice selection, rhetorical figures, and rhythmic results that make the speech so potent, and explains with care and precision the political, social, and old concerns that formed the prosecution and safety of the a little bit hapless defendant. This statement comprises the type of grammatical explication required to make its riches available to undergraduate scholars of Latin.
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Eight sic existimo, labores quos in petitione exceperis scripsi: si (sic πω) exiceperis (excep. φ, excip. ω) Σπφω: sic et si ceperis Aχψ: sic existimo si ceperis Lag. nine: sic censeo quos labores adipiscendi spe susceperis Madvig: labores in line with quos ea ceperis Angelius nine esse Σ φ ω : esse et A: esset πχψ eleven infamia Wesenberg: om. codd. turpitudo del. Bake 12 desinon Σ: desinam Bake 14 causa Aπψ2: 1 arum Σ: causarum χψ 15 quisquam Gulielmius: quam codd sixteen possit ed. R: posset mei 20 causa ψ2: causae cett. forty 10 M. TVLLI CICERONIS patronum deesse voluerunt. Ego vero, iudices, ipse me existimarem nefarium si amico, crudelem si misero, superbum si consuli defuissem. Qua re quod dandum est amicitiae, huge dabitur a me, ut tecum agam, Servi, non secus ac si meus esset frater, qui mihi est carissimus, isto five in loco; quod tribuendum est officio, fidei, religioni, identity ita moderabor ut meminerim me contra amici studium seasoned amici periculo dicere. five Intellego, iudices, tris totius accusationis partis fuisse, et eleven earum unam in reprehensione vitae, alteram in contentione 10 dignitatis, tertiam in criminibus ambitus esse versatam. Atque harum trium partium prima illa quae gravissima debebat esse ita fuit infirma et levis ut illos lex magis quaedam accusatoria quam vera male dicendi facultas de vita L. Murenae dicere aliquid coegerit. Obiecta est enim 15 Asia; quae ab hoc non advert voluptatem et luxuriam expetita est sed in militari labore peragrata. Qui si adulescens patre suo imperatore non meruisset, aut hostem aut patris imperium timuisse aut a parente repudiatus videretur. An cum sedere in equis triumphantium praetextati potissimum 20 filii soleant, huic donis militaribus patris triumphum decorare fugiendum fuit, ut rebus communiter gestis paene simul 12 cum patre triumpharet? Hic vero, iudices, et fuit in Asia et viro fortissimo, parenti suo, magno adiumento in periculis, solacio in laboribus, gratulationi in victoria fuit. Et si 25 habet Asia suspicionem luxuriae quandam, non Asiam numquam vidisse sed in Asia continenter vixisse laudandum est. Quam ob rem non Asiae nomen obiciendum Murenae fuit ex qua laus familiae, memoria generi, honos et gloria nomini constituta est, sed aliquod aut in Asia susceptum 30 five esset ∑ Aπφω: esses χψ 10 reprehensione ψ2: reprehensionem cett. thirteen illos om. w , del . Halm 17 sed ψ : sed et (etiam φ) cett. 18 hostis w, Halm 19 an Naugerius (2): aut mei 22 ut] ne B ψ 2: ne ut χ ψ 1 23 triumphares ∑ Aπ 2ψ 1 28 abiciendum ∑ Aψ1 PRO L. MVRENA ORATIO forty-one 12 aut ex Asia deportatum flagitium ac dedecus. Meruisse vero stipendia in eo bello quod tum populus Romanus non modo greatest sed etiam solum gerebat virtutis, patre imperatore libentissime meruisse pietatis, finem stipendiorum five patris victoriam ac triumphum fuisse felicitatis fuit. Maledicto quidem idcirco nihil in hisce rebus loci est quod omnia laus occupavit. 6 Saltatorem appellat L. Murenam Cato. Maledictum est, thirteen si vere obicitur, vehementis accusatoris, sin falso, maledici 10 conviciatoris. Qua re cum ista sis auctoritate, non debes, M.