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Download E-books The Elements: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By Philip Ball

This Very brief Introduction is a thrilling and non-traditional method of figuring out the terminology, homes, and type of chemical parts. It strains the background and cultural influence of the weather on humankind, and examines why humans have lengthy sought to spot the components round them. The publication comprises chapters on specific components reminiscent of gold, iron, and oxygen, exhibiting how they formed tradition and know-how. taking a look past the Periodic desk, the writer examines our courting with topic, from the simple imaginative and prescient of the Greek philosophers, who believed there have been 4 elements--earth, air, fireplace, and water--to the paintings of modern day scientists in developing parts akin to hassium and meitnerium. choked with anecdotes, The Elements is a hugely attractive and pleasing exploration of the basic query: what's the global made from?

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N. Frye, creation to G. Bachelard, The Psychoanalysis of fireside (London: Quartet Books, 1987), p. ix. 'I think it really is possible'. G. Bachelard, Water and desires (Dallas: Pegasus origin, 1983), three. 'the area we name home'. Ibid. eight. 18 'Out of a few bodies'. R. Boyle, The Sceptical Chymist (1661), quoted in W. H. Brock, The Fontana historical past of Chemistry (London: Fontana, 1992), fifty seven. 19 'certain primitive and simple'. R. Boyle (1661). The Sceptical Chymist (1661), quoted in H. Boynton (ed. ), The Beginnings of contemporary technology (Roslyn, big apple: Walter J. Black Inc. , 1948), 254. 2. Revolution: How Oxygen replaced the realm 22 Oxygen, by way of C. Djerassi and R. Hoffmann, is released by means of WileyVCH, Weinheim, 2001. 24 'We haven't pretended'. A. L. Lavoisier, components of Chemistry (1789), trans. R. Kerr (1790), quoted in R. Boynton (ed. ), The Beginnings of recent technological know-how (Roslyn, new york: Walter J. Black Inc. , 1948), 268-9. 33 'Chemists have made phlogiston a imprecise principle'. A. L. Lavoisier (1785), quoted in W. H. Brock, The Fontana historical past of Chemistry (London: Fontana, 1992), 111-12. 159 'The similar physique can pass': Lavoisier (1773), quoted in Brock, The Fontana heritage of Chemistry, ninety eight. 34 'It isn't really adequate for a substance to be simple': C. Coulston Gillispie (ed. ), Dictionary of medical Biography (New York: Scribner's, 1976), viii. eighty two; quoted in C. Cobb and H. Goldwhite, Creations of fireside (New York: Plenum, 1995), 161. The detection of sunshine from an extrasolar planet was once stated by means of A. C. Cameron, ok. domestic, A. Penny, and D. James, 'Probable Detection of Starlight mirrored from the large Planet Orbiting -u Bootis', Nature, 402 (1999), 751. three. chilly: the fantastic and Accursed point forty two 'He breaks all law'. Virgil, Aeneid, iii. 1. fifty five, quoted in G. Agricola, De re metallica (1556), trans. H. C. Hoover and L. H. Hoover (New York: Dover, 1950), sixteen. 'This is certainly the Golden Age'. Quoted in ibid. 10. forty three 'It is sort of our day-by-day experience'. Ibid. 10. 'I have come to take from them their gold'. Pizarro, quoted in L. B. Wright, Gold, Glory, and the Gospel: The Adventurous Lives and instances of the Renaissance Explorers (New York: Atheneum, 1970), 229. 'Gold is the common prize'. J. Bronowski, The Ascent of guy (London: e-book membership affiliates, 1973), 134. forty seven 'Out of those exhausting mines'. Quoted via Hoover and Hoover in ibid. 279 n. eight. forty eight 'Gold is located within the world'. Pliny, average heritage, xxxiii. 21. forty nine 'The Colchians positioned the skins of animals'. Agricola, De re metallica, 330. fifty one Extracting gold into plant tissues is defined by means of C. W. N. Anderson, R. R. Brooks, R. B. Stewart, and R. Simcock, 'Harvesting a Crop of Gold in Plants', Nature, 395 (1998), 553-4. fifty five 'Dost thou now not comprehend the worth of money'. Horace, Satires, i, 1. seventy three. 'When inventive and smart men'. Agricola, De re metallica, 17. the industrial background of gold is engagingly instructed in P. L. Bernstein, the ability of Gold (New York: Wiley, 2000). fifty seven 'We have gold'. Quoted in ibid. 346. one hundred sixty 58 'Currencies'. R. Mundell, quoted in Wall road magazine, 10 Dec. 1999, Op-Ed web page. fifty nine 'As to the genuine Man'. Quoted in J. C. Cooper (1990), chinese language Alchemy (New York: Sterling Publishing Co.

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