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By William Imbrie

The proper use of Ga and Wa is among the puzzles in jap. For this there's a reason.

In English, to some extent of which we're subconscious, colors of suggestion are expressed by way of emphasis and tone. we are saying : the letter has come; the letter has come ; the letter has come ; the letter has come ; the letter has come ; and every sentence has a colour of that means of its personal. So real is that this that to a jap a lot of our speech turns out a succession of ridges. in comparison with English, jap is a degree plain.

What in English is entire via emphasis and tone is in jap in nice half complete via the debris Ga and Wa. those are very various tools ; and the trouble is to narrate them, an issue enormously elevated by means of the truth that either equipment are used instinctively.

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F See previous footnote. Sa on the finish of a sentence :j: what sa. |: Nakano. Hayashi San ga Nagoya no * a guy may often say easily Yoi, or yoi yo. this use of that Indian, acknowledged is is himself to understand. is emphatic and sometimes expresses the assumption anything visible or what the individual addressed ought Sore wa so sa, That is so after all. different situations ensue within the examples. Following asserting is, so to, it the particle of citation, sa is acknowledged, so the tale is going. may possibly rendered. Says, because the different circumstances ensue in the examples. Sa or nasai, sa, on the Please come starting of a sentence, invitations motion. in. situations of this use of the Sa ! o agari notice within the nasai, Please consume. monograph. Sa ! o hairi There are not any hito desu. Hayasid is the Nagoya guy. ]\Ir. lie is the only who comes from there. Mrs. Yamada ^Jir5, Saru ga ichiban yoku ningen ni nite iru mono desu. j\lonkcys are so much Hke males. Answering the query. Which animals are such a lot Hke males ? — — Taro Mrs. Yamada. Ima natta no ga ku ji desu. JJiat used to be 9. Answering the query, was once that 9 ? or, did 9 strike an hour in the past ? Mr. Okada. Kyo ga watakushi no tanjobi de Ito gozaimasu. this present day is my birthday. Answering tlie query, WJicn is your birthday ? i. e. Which day within the yr? — type III. topic and predicate are hooked up objective of the sentence is by way of Ga, whilst the to point, or (in questions) to ensure, the topic with incisive precision. In English this might be performed emphasis at the topic ; via in 3 methods by means of : sharp following the topic with corresponding pronoun sharply emphasised by way of ; its putting the sure article sharply emphasised within the predicate. for instance ]l€ Cccsav used to be the : used to be the fellow of the hour There hour. As is in English, ; guy of the hour Caesar used to be tJie no such number of expression many ; guy Caesar, of the in jap. of the questions belonging to this classification are questions requested in shock. —Mr. Nakano. Sore ga the That and not anything Mr. Okada— Mr, Yamada. Soko ga kanjin Mr. Yamada masu. desu. Kore TJiat is lionto de gozai- fact. else. na tokoro accurately that. the real element. ga sunawachi koeki no hajimari da so de gozari- TJiat is eight masu. this can be the start of alternate. This and never a few wrong inspiration. Mr. Yamada Mr. Nakano. Kore ga honto no Koshi no kotoba de gozaimasu. TJicsc are the particular phrases of — Confucius, accurately those. — is Matsu Mrs. Yamada. Soko ga wakarimasenu. JJiat what i don't comprehend accurately that. Haji wo sliiru no ga hito no umare-tsuki da. To have a feeling of disgrace, tJiat is man's inborn nature. accurately that. Koto samisen mo yoroshii ga kaiho no ga kotaru mono no michi rather well, yet to understand the obligation of a kid. all wo kokoro-gakeru da. Koto and samisen are how to nurse a in poor health dad or mum, tJiat is — — Mr. Yamada Mr. Nakano. Ima ga kosho wo iu beki Noiv is the time to item. Now or by no means. Mr. Nakano Mr. Okada. Sono toki ga ii-dasu beki toki de arimashita. TJicn was once the time to talk.

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